Vascular Occlusion In San Diego, CA
Vascular occlusion is a blockage in the eye that causes fluid build-up that leads to blurry vision and eventual loss of vision. The board-certified ophthalmologists at American Eye Associates and California Retina Associates are dedicated to ensuring you can see clearly and live comfortably with the most up-to-date diagnostic services and treatments. We are proud to offer treatment for vascular occlusion to men and women in San Diego, Chula Vista, and the neighboring communities of Imperial County, California.
Vascular occlusion occurs when a vein or artery becomes blocked, generally due to a blood clot. At American Eye Associates and California Eye Associates, we focus on vascular or vein occlusions that occur in the retina, which are known as retinal vascular occlusions. This type of blockage can rob the retina of the nutrients it needs for optimal health and function.
Types of Vascular Occlusion
There are four types of retinal vascular occlusion:
- Branch retinal vein occlusion
- Branch retinal artery occlusion
- Central retinal vein occlusion
- Central retinal artery occlusion
With all four types, a blockage in the vein or artery allows fluids to build up, preventing your retina from properly filtering light. Blockages in the central vein and artery are more dangerous than those in branches, but all retinal vascular occlusion is dangerous and may lead to vision loss.
Retinal Vascular Occlusion risk factors
The reason for a blockage in the retinal veins is not always understood. However, experts believe the following are risk factors for retinal vascular occlusion:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
Retinal Vascular Occlusion symptoms
Early signs of retinal vascular occlusion are often detected during regularly scheduled eye exams at our offices. If retinal vascular occlusion is suspected during the regular course of your examination, we will recommend additional tests to make a certain diagnosis.
When not detected during your eye examinations, symptoms of retinal vascular occlusion may include sudden vision changes such as:
- Partial loss of vision
- Complete loss of vision
Retinal vascular occlusion typically affects only one eye and the changes it causes can be permanent or temporary depending on your unique situation. In less serious situations, your condition may improve on its own or with simple treatments such as eye massage or increasing carbon dioxide levels by breathing into a paper bag. However, if we suspect a threat to your vision, we may suggest treatment options such as oral and/or injected medications or laser therapy. Your treatment is best determined by one of the retina specialists at our office.
Questions about Retinal Vascular Occlusion
Retinal vascular occlusion is not always a threat to your vision, but when it is, prompt action is required. As one of only a handful of practices that focuses on disorders of the retina, the eye doctors at American Eye Associates and California Eye Associates have the special training necessary to help ensure successful treatment. We can answer any questions about vascular occlusion that you may have.
Sometimes the sensitive blood vessels in the eye can become damaged due to a complication of high blood pressure. This condition is known as hypertensive retinopathy. If left untreated, hypertensive retinopathy can lead to complete vision loss. Fortunately, the team at American Eye Associates and California Eye Associates can diagnose and treat the condition quickly.
At American Eye Associates and California Retina Associates, we offer a wide range of cutting-edge treatments, expert surgical techniques, and the latest diagnostic services that will help you live your most healthy and comfortable life. We are happy to offer ophthalmology services to men and women in San Diego, Chula Vista, and the surrounding areas of Imperial County, California. Contact us to schedule your one-on-one consultation with one of our expert ophthalmologists today.